Like all countries in the world, Morocco celebrates International Women’s Day on March 8. This is an opportunity to highlight the crucial and essential role of the women not only in the transformation of education but also in the evolution of society.
International Women’s Day is also known as International Day for the rights of women. It is an international day emphasizing the fight for women’s rights and, in particular, for the reduction of inequalities compared to men.
International Women’s Rights Day reminds us that gender inequality is still relevant. This awareness day, which takes place on March 8, sheds light on the status of women around the world and raises awareness of the importance of the fight for women’s rights. This event takes place annually on March 8. Now is the time to reflect on the progress made, to call for modification and to celebrate the determination and the acts of courage of average women who have played an astonishing character in the history of their societies.
International Women’s Rights Day was formalized in 1977 by the United Nations and is still celebrated on March 8 all over the world. It is a day when women around the world are recognized for their achievements and their struggles. Let’s go back to the starting point of this day dedicated to women and their rights.
The origin of March 8, International Day for Women’s Rights
According to a statement by the Socialist Party, International Women’s Rights Day appeared in the 20th century, during social movements in North America and in Europe. It was on February 28, 1909, that the first National Women’s Day was celebrated in the United States. Until 1913, this day was celebrated there every last Sunday of the month.
In 1910, the Socialist International in Copenhagen established an International Women’s Day to pay homage to the movement for women’s rights and their access to universal suffrage. This proposal is approved by a collective of 100 women, all from 17 different countries. But during this second conference, no specific date was decided.
Clara Zetkin, a strong figure of feminism
Moreover, the first conference took place in 1907, on the initiative of Clara Zetkin, editor of the magazine Die Gleichheit (L’égalité), gathering at the time no less than 125,000 subscribers. The latter intends that all socialist women from all countries organize a women’s day once a year in order to encourage women’s right to vote. It was the year after that the first International Women’s Day was born.
On the last Sunday of February 1913 in Russia, on the eve of the First World War, Russian women celebrated their first International Women’s Day with clandestine movements. The following year, it was celebrated on March 2 in France, March 9 in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Switzerland, and the Netherlands, and March 12 in Germany.
The right to vote for German and French women
On March 8, 1914, German women raised their voices to obtain the right to vote. It is only 4 years later that they get it. Among our French neighbors, 238 deputies out of 591 refuse to grant women the right to vote. Louise Saumoneau and her group of socialist women, organized on July 5, 1914, an event which would, in fact, become the first Women’s Day in France.
In 1917 marks a highlight in the history of Russian women. In fact, that year, two million Russian soldiers died in the war, which revolted them. Despite government opposition, they nevertheless went on strike on the last day of February in order to obtain “bread and peace” but also the return of their husbands who went to war. Four days later, the Tsar ceded power and the provisional government then granted women the right to vote. It is during this same year that the date of March 8 will be definitively set to celebrate Women’s Day.
Women’s rights and gender equality will take center stage in 2020.
This year’s theme for International Women’s Day (March 8) is “I am from the Equality Generation: For women’s rights and an egalitarian future”.
The Generation Equality campaign brings together people of all genders, ages, ethnicities, races, religions, and countries to take action that will bring about a world of gender equality that we all deserve.
On March 8, various events related to women are organized around the world. In many countries, concerts, shows, marches, parades, sporting events, and even exhibitions are offered. The name of this day is also called into question, in order to name it International Day for the Rights of Women. The themes tackled are often the fight for equality between men and women, the promotion of women who have succeeded in various professional fields, the history of women, etc.