Kingdom of Morocco: A Cradle for World’s Largest Solar Energy Project -

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As a country blessed with the highest level of solar insolation compared to other countries, the advantage of having sustainability has been placed on the production and utilization of solar power by developing more solar energy projects in Morocco.

Morocco receives the sunshine for around 3,000 hours annually and reaching 3,600 hours in the desert.  Morocco is where one of the world’s largest solar energy projects is to be found. The project value amounts to approximately $9 billion.

Underlining the primary objective of generating 2,000 megawatts of solar energy volume by the year 2020, there are already five solar power stations planned to be constructed which involves the integration of photovoltaic and concentrated technology. Renewable energy agencies are focusing on solar energy who are established to run the projects.

Solar energy power plants and solar power farms are just some of the projects that were on the table to be commissioned with the full completion of the year 2020. The development of the solar power plan will shed more light and will bring Morocco into the spotlight as the frontrunner in solar energy projects in the world.

The completion of the solar projects in Morocco will take up 38% of Morocco’s yearly electricity generation.

Solar energy in Morocco largely dominates the national renewable energy grid

 The renewable energy in Morocco accounts to 0.4% of the national energy grid except biomass.

Renewable energy contributed to almost 10% of electricity production in 2007. The renewable energy industry is backed by solid hydropower sources and solar energy in Morocco with the recently installed 147 MW wind energy parks of which 975 MW is under deployment.

Morocco is on its move to start $13 billion enlargements to its wind, solar and hydroelectric power production scope and related infrastructure that should pave the way in allowing the country to generate the target of 42% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020.

The determination of the government on increasing the solar power by developing solar energy projects in Morocco as well as other renewable energy projects was  brought about by the figures  shown in a statistical studies, Morocco’s oil amounted at around USD1.4 billion in subsidies from January to September 2009 which is 57.9% lower compared to year 2008.

In November 2009, Morocco declared it would set up two gigawatts of solar capacity by 2020. One of the largest solar energy projects in Morocco and the world has been launched with an estimated cost of USD9 billion. The primary objective is to produce 2,000 megawatts of solar generation capacity by the year 2020. Five solar power stations are to be constructed. A public-private venture, Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN), has been founded to be in charge the project.

MASEN: catalyst of solar projects in Morocco

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The Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) is a limited company with public funding which was effectively established in March 2010. It was created under the guidelines of the Law no. 57-09 for the enactment of the integrated Moroccan Solar Plan, creation of solar energy projects in Morocco and the endorsement of solar resources in every facet.

Its capital is equally secured by the Hassan II Fund for Economic and Social Development, the Moroccan State, the the Société d’Investissements Energétiques (SIE), and the Office National de l’Eau et l’Electricité (ONEE). MASEN has three major missions. First is developing solar projects in Morocco such as solar power plants. Second is to add to the development of a national proficiency; and lastly, operate as a compelling drive of proposal on the regional and international scheme.

A historical mission of MASEN is to design and develop solar power plants as one of the foundations of its innovative model. This movement meets the requirements of the National Office of Electricity, and consequently the Moroccan consumers. Five spots have already been recognized to accommodate NOOR solar project in Morocco.

The said strategy assimilates thoroughness and innovations, deciding on what sites are applicable for the commissioning of the plant, through technical design. On the other hand, partners are chosen through an international selection procedure to entertain proposals and offers in line with the international standards and, primarily, to optimize the price per kWh. Lastly, each plant has unprejudiced institutional provisions and inventive financial structuring which leads to a most favorable allocation of risks.

The emergence of the Moroccan solar ecosystem and more solar projects in Morocco entail the materialization of a national expertise and MASEN’s mission to be part of the cause.

These can be achieved by supporting the development of a strong and competitive industrial sector. Another way is by building strong partnerships to uphold the training of competent resources, and support research and development to help improve the performance of solar technologies in general which will be useful in developing solar projects in Morocco.

MASEN contributes as an influence for proposal on national and international plans for the issues of energy, environment, and climate change.

As a leading international agency, MASEN aims to promote the use of green energy, to bring about deliberations and to take the first step in designing any solution to improve energy transition.

The agency’s intelligent works and strategic partnerships enable it to positively facilitate the realization of actions for the fight against climate change and promoting the use of green energy in Morocco.

Basically, MASEN is the company which is under private law with public capital that aims to act as a vehicle for solar projects in Morocco and showcases the solar resource in all its characteristics.

With the strong operational exploitation of NOOR, MASEN is now a major performer in the solar power industry due to its accomplishment on formulating a ground-breaking paradigm, which is advantageous for a well-round approach.

MASEN supports the growth of an integrated and viable Moroccan solar network, facilitated by the operation of solar projects in Morocco and other solar power plants like NOOR all the way through the United Kingdom.

MASEN is a catalyst for alternative solutions, considerate to natural resources, which is significant to energy and environmental or socio-economic perspectives.

For the implementation of solar projects in Morocco, MASEN exhibits a strong model for the conservation of the environment at the service of future generations.

MASEN has invited different companies and organizations to submit their expressions of interest in the design, financing, construction, operation, and maintenance of the first of the five planned solar projects which is the, the 500-megawatt solar power station/plant in the southern city of Ouarzazate.

The first of the solar projects in Morocco’s solar power plan was commissioned in 2014, with the expected full commissioning of the whole project in 2019.

Once completed, these solar projects in Morocco are expected to produce and distribute 18% of Morocco’s yearly electricity generation.

Morocco Promotes an Integrated National Solar Power Industry

 The development of solar projects in Morocco is a key success with the development of NOOR plan as a requirement for the deployment, positioning and confirmation of the Kingdom as a key player in the field of solar power industry.

The initiatives of the government must also allow the blossoming skills and abilities of Moroccans in the solar industry, with the aspiration to become a globally competitive and high value-added industry. The development of solar projects in Morocco must largely benefit the local economy.

NOOR solar power plants introduce an element of industrial integration, allowing the involvement of Moroccan private companies and even local government in their success and the development of their infrastructures. MASEN encouraged the Moroccan manufacturers to participate and become more and more interested in the future of the solar sector. Their contribution and dedication to the developers have shaped a local integration rate of around 30% for NOOR I in Ouarzazate and is expected to reach 35% for NOOR II and NOOR III.

MASEN has also endorse the assembly of the Solar Cluster which is basically an association whose mission is to contribute to the development of own socio-economic sector. In this regard, it functions to form synergies between stakeholders of the green sector, both public and private actors in order to push the emergence of a competitive green industrial chain in Morocco.  The Cluster plot – aims to develop skills and improve industrial capacity, facilitating the connection among the various players in the sector and has the support of distinguished international partners such as the ICC or the Giz.

Profound Research and Development Efforts paved way to creation of more solar projects in Morocco

 They key component of the integrated energy development, research and development is at the core of the diverse solar projects in Morocco which are undertaken by MASEN.

This methodology answers the two objectives. The first is to put up a Moroccan framework technology in the subject of solar energy through two strategic objectives such as the Photovoltaic and the CSP, and employ research excellence in the solar projects in Morocco to prop up and keep up industrial activity.

Much progress still needs to be achieved in the thermodynamic and photovoltaic industries including the storage technologies, to promote more improvement in the conversion of sunlight into electrical energy capacity to guarantee adaptability of usage and cut down the costs of electricity consumption.

Giving efficient and most advantageous testing environment, the demonstration platform of MASEN’s R & D will facilitate researchers and manufacturers to assess, train and progress throughout their effort to achieve commercial maturity.

Eventually, the purpose is to drive an ecosystem that is conducive to the development of solar projects in Morocco and allow more innovation in the solar sector, causal to the creation of value through revolutionary activities.

In 2014, the World Bank shouldered a $159 million financial requirement of a solar project in Morocco. The project is no other than the “Noor-Ouarzazate Concentrated Solar Power Project”. The financing is proposed to magnify and support the development of a Moroccan solar energy complex with the aim of augmenting the complex’s energy production. As of October 2014, the complex’s production capacity reached to 160 megawatts with the plan of increasing it up to 350 megawatts.

The NOOR in the face of solar projects in Morocco, developed by MASEN have the desire to generate solid progressive externalities, while taking full advantage of the collaborations between the diverse stakeholders. These positive externalities must create the first benefit which is building power plants in naturally unconventional areas.

The action of MASEN is to confirm the assimilation of the solar complex in their nearby environment, securing optimal value to people through developmental projects in the short and medium time frame. It is useful in creating a local impetus around the core to assist in the economic and social development of these specific areas.

The local development strategy of MASEN is assembled around the necessities of the areas. In Ouarzazate, the strategy caters around the following three areas of effort. The first is to make the other territories in Morocco accessible with the construction of telecommunications infrastructure, and the development of water and energy networks. The second, is its influence to the improvement of social wellbeing by providing access to health care and education, and a program to improve the employability of local people through conventions and trainings. Last but not the least is the development of a dynamic territories with the strengthening of organizations, stimulation of entrepreneurship, cultural activities and the carrying out works and services related to the plant.

MASEN’s respect for the environment is a major component of its interests, in the construction of solar projects in Morocco. It is in the seeking stage of the sites for these solar projects when the process where a series of pre-qualification studies are performed in order to take into consideration the environmental dimension and providing methods for these projects to be developed and must be effectively integrated into its environment.

During these periods, the operation of an environmental management plan will be launched to observe the implementation of alleviation measures in the previous studies, and allow the project to be set up in the best environmental conditions.

MASEN’s inclination to conform to national and international environmental standards guides it throughout the development of solar projects in Morocco.

Solar Energy accounts to great extent of Morocco’s Renewable Energy grid

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 Even though there is an enormous prospective for solar projects in Morocco and wind power in Morocco, it is still not safe to confirm the appropriate time and situation when Morocco could embark in trading renewable electricity to other parts of the world specifically to Europe. With the development of the 400 billion dollar Desertec project, it is undistinguishable if the prearranged investment of the Desertec confederation in solar power through the Northern region of Africa could spread into Morocco or the amount of power which is required and could finally be distributed to Europe. Desertec’s campaigns probably needs further feasibility studies for several years.

Having the advantage of being the only African country to possess a power cable connected to Europe, Morocco can gain from the major project, Desertec Industrial Initiative.

Whether the realization of these solar energy projects in Morocco still waits to be seen but distributing solar energy could have alleviating effects inside and among countries, according to the Moroccan Solar Energy Agency (MASEN). Deliberations are enduring with Tunisia, and energy exports in the north across the Mediterranean continues to be a key objective, in spite of the downfall of the Desertec project in 2013, a German plan to source 15% of Europe’s energy from North African desert solar by 2050.

Renewable energy has played an important part in ONE’s improvement in its initiatives which was revealed thirteen years ago. The objective of the plan is to distribute electricity to more than 70% of rural districts by 2008, at the same time augmenting the segment of renewable energy in the energy grid by 0.24% starting from year 2003 reaching to 10% within eight years.

The strategy involved the development of two innovative wind projects. The first was a 60MW wind power facilities located in Essaouira, whereas the second wind project with the capacity of 140 MW was developed near Tangiers. The Essaouira facility was commissioned in 2007. The plan also involved another solar project in Morocco which is a 250 megawatts solar heat structure developed d’Ain Beni Mathar, where 30 megawatts of its power generation will be produced from energy emitted by the sun.

Aside from solar projects in Morocco, the said Kingdom also has supplementary renewable energy reserves that may possibly be established due to its four continuing waterways and several dams with the capability to produce hydropower. Eleven years ago, ONE developed a USD27.6 million project to provide solar power to thirty-seven thousand rural residences by 2007. On the same month in 2002, a solar project in Morocco was also awarded to a conglomerate steered by a French energy group.

Another company based in France, which was undertaking the development of a high-speed rail that will connect Tangier and Casablanca is also awarded another solar project in Morocco which entailed the construction of power production plant with a production capacity of 470 MW to empower the connecting railway. Although the majority of the volume is produced from a gas integrated cycle incineration, 20MW of it comes from the energy collected from the sun.

The National policy which gave birth to a Major Solar Project in Morocco

In November 2009, a solar  project in Morocco was announced which was proclaimed to produce 38% of the MENA region’s mounted power production by year 2020.  The project value is $9 billion and the funds required for the development comes from both government and private companies.

The launching event was graced with the presence of Hillary Clinton, former Secretary of State of United States of America together with the ruler of Morocco. The project stressed the development of five solar projects in Morocco which includes construction of power creation establishments around Morocco which is expected to create 2,000MW of electricity in year 2020.

The project is expected to contribute by way of power production which would equal to the present electricity expenditure of the city of CasablancaGermany and the World Bank have conveyed their disposition to partake in the formation of Morocco’s solar energy generation plan which the country has agreed to accomplish. Aside from the solar projects in Morocco, Germany is playing its role in the fulfillment of a water-desalination project.

In February 2008, Morocco, as country which imports its energy, has unveiled the National Renewable Energy and Efficiency Plan to discover another sources of energy to cater to 15 per cent of the total local needs and maximize the benefits of energy-conservation techniques. The program is projected to produce over forty thousand jobs and attract investments amounting to more than €4.5 billion by year 2020.

In 2001, The National Plan for the Development of Solar Thermal Energy was created, intended to develop a solar project in Morocco by installing four hundred forty thousand solar-motorized water boilers in 2012, where 235,000 of the heaters are already finalized. The Moroccan administration proposes to yield forty per cent of its energy extracted from renewable means by year 2020.

Morocco declared the plan for the establishment of a new site specializing in information-focused services to support studies and exercises in green technology. The training facility is a portion of a USD219 million clean energy park development project that was constructed in Oujda City to sustain the investments of the companies belonging to private sectors as well as the companies in the renewable energy industry.

Various schemes are devoted to renewable energy for instance the solar projects in Morocco. Other renewable projects that needs to be mentioned are the power plants, solar water heaters, water pumps, pumping stations, hydraulic turbines, air-cooling system and waste recycling. Renewable Energy is considered the strength of numerous commercial and public agendas, take for example the occasion of electricity distribution in the rural regions of Morocco, which entails setting up individual systems integrated with photovoltaic technology which contribute to seven per cent of energy fabrication.

Conjecture of Morocco as a Renewable energy producer

Energy supplies are substantial. Forecasts evaluation showed wind energy prospective at six gigawatts and underline solid promise for biomass development.

The prospects in this subjects are great in the middle of influential investors, commercial performers and also consumers. The four main issues which could affect motivations and official methodologies are lack of regulations; absence of a dedicated agency, and minimal priority of the renewable energy and its productivity for domestic improvement agendas committed to nurturing responsiveness and to secure workable necessity in Renewable Energy and energy proficiency innovations and facilities, and also the taxation which hinders provide eye-catching market conditions.

Solar Project in Morocco: Ouarzazate solar plant

The Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) open its doors for companies and organizations who are interested to undertake the designing, building, management, up keeping and funding of the 500 MW solar project in Morocco. The project involves the construction of a solar power facility in the southern township of Ouarzazate.

The project is the first among the five to be developed solar power stations that utilize both CSP and Photovoltaic equipment. The first phase of NOOR 1 which is 160 MW was granted to a group, headed by an energy company based in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which will vend the electricity made for USD0.19 per kilowatt hour. Other major banking institutions also agreed to co-finance the solar project in Morocco.   The setting up of Noor 1 was accomplished and was brought online in February 2016. During this period, the outstanding two stages, the second and third Noor spreading at 6,000 acres were projected to be ready adding in another 580 megawatts of capacity by year 2018.

The construction of these solar projects in Morocco formally commenced on the 10th of May 2013. The entire project is allocated among three parts. The NOOR 1 is a 160 megawatt converged solar project; NOOR 2 which is a 200 megawatt parabolic mirror plant; and NOOR 3 which is a 150MW solar trough plant.

Solar Projects in Morocco shows its resolution to become a solar superpower

 The city of Ouarzazate found in the Kingdom of Morocco is well adjusted to humongous creations. Located at the verge of the Sahara desert and the center of the MENA region’s “Ouallywood” film productions it was chosen as a host to extravagant location filming of well noted Hollywood films.

Ouarzazate is known as a trading city, which leads to it being called as the “door of the desert”. It is the center for another smash hit as the heart of the major solar project in Morocco.  A development of four interconnected solar power plants that, together with energy generated from the water and wind, will aid to supply approximately partial of Morocco’s required electricity from green reserves by 2020 with its excess to be exported to European countries. The plan is considered significant beam in Morocco’s desires to utilize its unexploited sandy lanscapes to become a solar superpower worldwide.

When the entire complex is completed, it would take the title of the biggest concentrated solar power (CSP) plant in the world. The introduction of mirror technology is less prevalent and more costly compared to the photovoltaic panels which are currently common on roofs, however it has the upper hand of being capable of unceasing production of power although the sun already set.

The possibility for development of solar projects in Morocco and using solar power from the desert has been recognized for years. During the time of the post-Chernobyl nuclear accident which happened in 1986, a physicist from Germany had analyzed that the world’s sand landscapes obtain take enough energy for a limited time to be responsible for civilization’s power requirements for a whole year. The only question that arouse that time was the method of securing that power and carrying it to the locations where there are plenty of people where it is compulsory.

As engineers finished installing the final bits to the first phase of Noor project, it shines as its five hundred thousand curve-shaped solar panels glimmer through the desert horizon. The one hundred eighty rows of the solar panels keep an eye on the sun as it trails through the skies, droning gently every few minutes as their shadows sneak further east.

Once these four solar projects in Morocco are completed, they will cover a space similar to the land area of the city of Rabat, and produce five hundred eighty megawatts of electricity, sufficient to distribute power to a million households.

According to the environment minister of Morocco, there is a big expectation that solar energy possibly will mimic the same effect that oil fabrication had in the last century in the region. But then again, the USD9 billion (£6bn) solar projects in Morocco to make its deserts prosperous was prompted by more important matters.

Morocco is not an oil fabricator, and it imports from overseas 94% of our energy from fossil fuels which has a big toll on the budget of the government.  Furthermore, it also used to subsidize fossil fuels which have a substantial cost, and the emergence of the potential for solar energy is something that Morocco couldn’t ignore.

All parabolic mirrors are installed 12 meters high and concentrated on a steel pipeline which serves as a heat transport tool that has the capability to absorb heat up to 393 degree Celsius as it trails along the trench before looping into a heat engine. Inside the heat engine, it is incorporated with water to produce vapor that transforms energy-generating turbines.

The heat is basically composed of an artificial thermal oil solution that is propelled towards a heat tank comprising melted sands that can to open in 2017stock heat energy for three hours, which is used by the power plants to deliver power to homes during the night. The mirrors are spread out and well distributed in order to reduce impairment from the sand being carried by the hot desert winds.

Solar energy will be accounted for one third of Morocco’s renewable energy grid by year 2020, with wind power and hydro power taking the same share respectively. The government has been very proud of the said solar projects in Morocco and the four solar plants are considered most significant in the world.

The technicians handling the second and third solar power plants which are scheduled to operate in 2017 have shared that these plants can store energy for up to eight hours – setting off the opportunity of whole round availability and accessibility of energy in the region, and the neighboring region.

The main test that these technicians has to conquer is the possibility to conclude the project at the specified time with their performance level that these solar projects in Morocco is demanding.

On the other hand, with the completion of the first stage of the solar project, Morocco is targeting greater international goals. The Kingdom is already engaged in the setting up of a great pressure transportation lines to service the whole southern Morocco together with Mauritania. But according to studies the project’s definitive impression will go farther and broader even as far as the Middle East.

Renewable energy in Morocco and the policies for subsidies

  It is undeniable that it is promising to export energy to Europe through the solar energy projects in Morocco but the first step to being done is the establishment of we interconnectors that are not yet commissioned according to a spokesperson od MASEN. In detail, Morocco would have to set up linkages, which would not run through like the current line in Spain, and then commence exporting.

Spain has barred itself in developing fresh solar projects due to the shortage of interconnectors to diffuse the energy to France. The European Union has set their standards to ensure the 10% of the power of the group of countries can be carried through abroad via the link by 2020.

Morocco is at the avante-garde of solar. This claim is supported by the development of the USD9 billion Noor complex of which several international institutions have backed up the project development. Unrevealed energy grants from Morocco’s ruler, King Mohammed VI, have prohibited the expenses from being levied to the end users.

A month prior to the launching, more than a thousand workers, majority are Moroccans are still sprinting to repair electric wires, taking down frameworks and wrapping insulation and covering the steel pipelines. They stir past wearing their overalls, in the background of the Atlas Mountains. Abundant engineering hats, and other safety equipment exhibited an ambiance compared to a theatrical camp. It is closely seem like the groundwork for a grand performance.

Preparations are almost completed and the epic openings of these solar projects in Morocco will be witnessed by the eyes of the interested global audience. The construction has been done and it is now time to appreciate these structures come across when they kick off operation.

Administrators are strongly conscious of the actions they are undertaking in what the most is forward-thinking renewable energy program in the Middle East and North African region. This could involve water desalination in the future, in a country that is gradually being stricken by drought as the climate warms. In the intervening time, Morocco is fixated on developing solar energy projects and utilizing solar energy to meet its own requirements for resource impartiality.

The Kingdom of Morocco gets the eyes of other nations as it goes green 

 From the wind to solar energy projects in Morocco, it is easy to say that the kingdom which has been importing its energy resources is currently on the move in becoming a major producer and supplier of renewable energy.

like 2015, the most humid year on record, came to an end, and the observers are evaluating the conclusion of this year’s climate change summit in Paris COP21, a grand and large-scale solar energy project in Morocco, known as “Noor” which means light in Arabic, is now on the verge of inauguration.

It is the product of the North African kingdom’s intricate research and development efforts in recent years to ease its dependency on trade in energy, which has been a lingering encumbrance on state capitals.

With a prospective production capacity of 580 megawatts (MW), the $9 billion Noor project is anticipated to cover an area compared to a city with the size of the Rabat, which is the capital city of Morocco and distribute the electricity to 1 million homes.

The first phase of the said solar projects in Morocco called Noor 1, is slated to commence its operation by the end of 2015. Noor 2 and Noor 3 will rspectively follow suit in year 2016 and 2017. On the other hand, Noor 4 which will utilize photovoltaic technology in order to transform solar energy into electricity is open to tenders.

The conclusion of the $660 million Noor 1 solar plant suggested that it will be operating only a few weeks after the closing of COP21, highlighting Morocco’s determination to meet production targets that it declared during the conference. It also facilitates in the preparation of the platform for the upcoming COP22, which will be hosted by Morocco, and voice out its endeavors to be in the front row among the countries who are shifting to renewable energy and diverging away from energy import dependency.

The government seeks to realize an extra capacity of 6,760 MW during the time frame of 2015 to 2025, of which 3,120 MW comes from solar energy projects in Morocco; while 2,740 MW and 900 MW will be generated from the wind and hydroelectric projects respectively.

Clean surroundings in the midst of growing energy exigency

 The North African country is said to be the major importer of energy in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. Proved to exhibit a rising energy consumption of about six percent yearly for the past 10 years, Morocco has had to discover another energy sources to cater to the increasing energy demand of its increasing population at the same time maintaining the cleanliness and balance in its environment. In this regard, the need to develop solar projects in Morocco arise from the surface of sustainability concerns.

Energy dependency affected the government’s investments in the downside in other sectors brought by the record-high global oil prices in 2014.

In December 2014, Morocco instated Africa’s biggest wind farm with a production capacity of 300 MW. The wind farm signifies around 40 percent of the country’s over-all wind capacity in commercial operation to date.

The country already has wind energy production of more than 800 MW in operation. Another 550 MW wind energy project is under development and 850 MW is under contract, whereas a supplementary 1,000 MW of capacity is premeditated between 2021 and 2025.

Regarding the hydroelectric power, Morocco, which currently has an installed electrical capacity of 1,770 MW, 460 MW of which coming from energy transferred through pumping stations, has programmed with a 350 MW project at Abdelmoumen, in the region of Agadir, which is expected to come to life in 2020.

These solar power projects in Morocco, which are agreed to be the world’s largest solar power production facility, was the ideal answer to Morocco’s heavy energy dependency once all phases are fulfilled.

Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in Morocco

 Morocco’s financial plan to subsidize fuel has developed radically over the past decade, and with oil budget prices deteriorating as the country leans toward alternative energy sources, the Moroccan government has now taken the daring resolution to close down diesel subsidies which ended a recurrently steep and unsustainable weight on the country’s economy.

The government can now concentrate on realizing the country’s intention of enhancing its clean energy productivity by creating more solar energy projects in Morocco.

Morocco sworn during the COP21 to lessen its greenhouse emissions at a minimum of 13 percent by year 2030. Even though it came as a relatively humble approach, its clean energy vision is aspiring which aims to meet 52 percent of its total power needs by 2030, which is equal to 6,000 MW. To meet this goal, investments has to be allocated into the electricity and clean energy sectors, which would open the doors of business opportunities to the international and overseas companies.

The first phase of the Ouarzazate solar project in Morocco will likely to give way to the reduction of annual CO2 emissions by 240,000 tons.  And once the second and third phase are finished and operations, emission should be lessened to 522,000 tons per year, or 1 percent of its CO2 emissions in 2011 which is 56.5 million tons, according to the Ministry of Energy in Morocco.

Development of solar projects in Morocco creates more jobs

 The industry of renewable energy in Morocco is also helped in the development of job creation and industrialization, promoting economic growth. Noor 1 alone has created about 1,000 jobs and will reinforce local businesses where this solar project in Morocco is being developed.

The Moroccan government took another significant action towards cleaning up the environment after the parliament ratified a draft bill to ban the production, importation, selling and usage of plastic bags starting July, 2016, although still allowing definite types of bags such as trash, freezer bags and those for agricultural practice. The move could not have come too soon, since Morocco is the second-largest plastic bag consumer in the world, with an annual usage of 26 billion plastic bags. The law can be viewed as an attachment to the national drive of boosting eco-tourism in the country.

Despite the fact that environmental organizations conveyed their approval at the verdict, the proposal did have its detractors as workforces in the plastic industry assumed it as an intimidation to their presence in the market, with an assessed loss of 50,000 direct and indirect jobs.

The government has never made any move that could find any definite substitute to plastic bags. Decomposable paper bags could be a substitute but would entail displacing of trees and a great deal of energy for their production. The government needs to fastidiously set out a sturdy and sustainable substitute to plastic bags. Morocco has in the past prohibited the use of black plastic bags, which were a serious health and environmental threat.

It is obvious that discovering the ideal answers will not come as a breeze or without trials. But there are tales of accomplishment with regards to solar and wind energy for example in Germany, and in the MENA region possibly Morocco should be regarded as one of the shining models to admire.