The Peace Corps is an independent agency of the US government, whose mission is to promote peace and friendship of the world, particularly among developing countries.
Peace Corps is created on 1st March 1961by John Fitzgerald Kennedy, at the instigation of Hubert Humphrey. His first director was Sargent Shriver. More than 200,000 people served in the Peace Corps in 139 countries.
The Volunteer Corps are working with governments, schools, and entrepreneurs on topics such as education, the health, the HIV / AIDS, business, information technology, the agriculture and ecology. They usually serve for periods of 27 months.
Officially, the program has three goals:
- Help people from interested countries and sectors by meeting their needs as skilled workers;
- Help foster a better understanding of American culture by the people of the countries served by the agency;
- Help to promote a better knowledge of the culture of these inhabitants by the American people.
Corps volunteers working abroad must first announce their availability to foreign governments. These governments then determine the sectors in which the organization can be involved. Then the organization matches the requested tasks to its group of applicants and sends these volunteers with the appropriate qualifications to countries that have made the first applications. Currently, the Corps works in more than 70 countries.
The U.S President John F. Kennedy calls American youth by launching in 1961 the idea of a Peace Corps (Peace Corps). As early as 1965, some 10,000 volunteers volunteered in Third World countries. Independent agency under the Department of State, the Peace Corps will become over time an essential tool of the foreign policy of the United States.
In the 1960 presidential campaign, John F. Kennedy challenged University of Michigan students to serve the cause of peace by living in developing countries. On March 1, 1961, Kennedy creates by an executive order a federal agency for this purpose, he appointed his brother-in-law, Sargent Shriver, at his head. The first volunteers leave for Ghana and Tanzania on August 28th. Authorized by Congress on 22 September, the program is an instant success, growing from 6,300 volunteers in 44 countries (1963) to more than 10,000 (1965) and 7,750 in 73 countries (2006). Since 1961, it has involved 183,000 Americans, including 60,000 in Africa and 73,000 in Latin America. They participate in projects in education, health, environment, development and technology. They can teach English or work at setting up a hospital, computer center or a new company. The program is so successful that a home version is launched by the president Lyndon B. Johnson in 1965. President Richard Nixon, opposed to the program, put him under control in 1971, but Jimmy Carter restored his autonomy in 1978. In 1981, the Congress formally established an independent federal agency. In 1982, President Ronald Reagan appointed a Republican Conservative as director and increased his resources from 1985. In 2001, George W. Bush will make the Peace Corps a key element of his anti-terrorist strategy. In 2004, Congress granted him a budget of 325 million. Over time, the Peace Corps, which definitely help counter the negative image of the “Ugly American”, will become an important institution of the foreign policy of the United States in developing countries.
How to Celebrate Peace Corps Week
On the off chance that you or a friend or family member has joined the Peace Corps, enter one of the Peace Corps contests to help other people find out about your encounters abroad. On the off chance that you are thinking about joining the Peace Corps, look at their principal site to perceive what projects and opening they have for you and your friends and family to join. Offer this occasion on your most favorite online sites utilizing the hashtag #peacecorpsweek and let everybody realize this week is about the volunteers sparing lives, educating individuals, and making a difference on the planet.