According to the World Health Organization, about 767 million people worldwide (that is one out of ten people) that live without access to safe and clean water. On top of that, 2.4 billion people or one-third of the world’s population, do not have access to water sanitation solutions at all.
People then have to choose between cooking, washing and drinking with dirty, contaminated water, or not using it at all. They are constantly at risk of acquiring waterborne diseases such as dysentery, diarrhea, and cholera, which can be fatal.
The continent has significant water resources. On the other hand, it lacks the distribution and sanitation infrastructure that would allow people to access safe and clean water.
In rural areas of Morocco, access to water is a daily concern for the population. Although water points exist and wells provide adequate distribution of available water, their use requires a lot of effort and people suffer from it. People travel far away just to fetch some water and children don’t have the freedom to even go to school because of it. In El Karkour Ait Faska, there is little rainfall throughout the year which makes it even harder for the villagers.
The main objective of the Association Anouar de développement et de solidarité is to supply clean and safe water to the village and its surrounding villages that will be able to supply for 1000 houses at least. Under the chairmanship of Mr. Mohamed Dekkak, he doesn’t only want to make a difference but also wants to create more beneficial projects for the local communities and hope to more needy communities inside and out of Morocco with the collaboration of the association and the volunteers.
Under the leadership of Mr. Mohamed Dekkak, Chairman of the Association Anouar de développement et de solidarité, this project has been studied, procured and constructed the installations necessary to reach the available materials and to sanitize the water to use. In addition, access to water is the means to trigger an awareness of the inhabitants about their living conditions, with the aim of pushing them to improve the day by day and to develop.
CONTEXT OF GENERAL LIFE OF POPULATIONS
Health care provided to local populations is limited due to insufficient health centers, lack of equipment and medicines, difficulties in transporting patients and lack of qualified personnel. When it comes to education, the number of classes is very low and the level of general education is low. Some villages do not have schools, which forces children to travel long distances, sometimes several kilometers, to get to the local school and lack of teachers as well as one of the problems there. The road and road network is also undeveloped and in very bad condition.
This project of safe and clean water supply for the populations of El Karkour and surrounding villages is one of the many beneficial projects for the villages under the support of Mr. Mohamed Dekkak and the local presence of the Association Anouar de développement et de solidarité and ensures continuity of action. This will not only benefit the community but rather the development of the country as a whole.
The populations of El Karkour Ait Faska and the two surrounding villages, face two challenges:
- A water source that is scarce and a general problem of this resource (unmanaged or unprotected sources). The wells dry up in the dry season, and it takes a lot of time to get water due to its distance. Aside from being far from it, the wet season makes it more dangerous for people to travel especially for children and women.
- The diseases related to the water of the poorly adapted ones, the children and the women remain the layers most affected by these diseases.
99% of the water consumed is not drinkable. Apart from the resources can pollute by the disaffections, the water storage in the hearths is always contaminating for lack of hygiene. The increase in water needs and the absence of community-based network management structures, conflicts between villages linked to the water issue have tended to increase this. Competition on water is very strong in the target area for human food. Faced with the scarcity of water resources, the weakness of the existing infringement and the degradation of the structures, the villagers became aware of the vulnerability of their water supply and organized themselves. This is one of the factors that Mr. Mohamed Dekkak wants to address as well.
In order to improve the water and sanitation situation in the region, the project set up drinking water points in the neediest villages. The construction of these works was accompanied by training of the villagers in their maintenance and awareness of hygiene, to ensure the sustainability of the action. For this purpose, the involvement of the population and local authorities in the implementation of the project was crucial.
This project ensures better access to safe and clean water and the improvement of hygiene conditions by:
- The construction of water supply systems powered by solar energy to raise water on the mountain and keep it in a reservoir to redistribute it by gravity using fountains
- The organization of an information and awareness campaign on water, sanitation and the reduction of risks of pollution of catchment water
- Training of the people of the equipment management
- The establishment of sustainable management structures.
IMPACT AND DURABILITY OF THE PROJECT
Access to safe and clean water is an important health advance – drinking water for drinking and cooking brings a significant reduction in diarrheal diseases, especially those affecting young children. Body hygiene, washing clothes with pure and abundant water, are important factors in the reduction of dermatological diseases. The fatigue and pain caused by the transport of water, mainly to women, are reduced. – The abundant water allows real progress in the maintenance of the habitat.
Most of the chores related to water, fetching, transportation, and storage, which are generally incumbent on women, are reduced and facilitated. The time saved on water transport allows women to diversify their activities. The works in production make it possible to irrigate small perimeters of food crops. They allow the watering of domestic animals. Food crops, livestock are an essential input into the diet and a significant source of income.
Water is free and free for all villagers without any discrimination. The population is greatly involved in the implementation of the project and must invest in the maintenance of the works. This allows the lack of financial contribution to the production of water while ensuring the sustainability of the facilities that belong to the villages.
Mr. Mohamed Dekkak, chairman of Association Anouar de développement et de solidarité, gladly encourage everyone to make a difference. We may not do great things in life but we can do small things in a great way, and that is something we must aim every day. We must help and protect each other as well as maintaining our ecosystem which can only be achieved if we work as one.