National Dress Day is about Every nation which has its own way of showing their culture in which associate to their religion, history, society and geographic area.
Today, March 6 we commemorate the Arabs national attire to reflect on those memorable events.
Emirati clothing symbolizes identity and harmony. It is one important part of Arab history. They show a lot of importance to their diversity and customs.
These attires have been worn for hundreds of years by the time that desert-dwelling nomads called Bedouins inhabited the Arab countries. Bedouins nomadic culture was eminent for congeniality and respect for women.
National Dress Day of Arabic Clothing for Men:
A long white dress called Kandura, thawb, thobe or dishdasha is the primary attire and costume for men of Arabian Gulf including UAE. It is a long sleeved, ankle-length and loose-fitting garment designed for comfort during hot weather. In winter, Kanduras change in color mostly in darker shades. Different Gulf countries have their own twist of style, for examples, the kanduras in UAE has no collar and embroidery in the sleeves. The length of this white robe represents the status of the wearer. The longer the length, the higher status that it represents in wealth and royalty. Shorter length represents humility and worn by the typical Arabs.
The Ghutrah or sometimes they called it – kufiya/keffiyeh is a headscarf worn by Arab men. In other Arab countries, it was known as shemagh. The white and checkered red colors are most used and represent their status and importance. Made from squared cotton cloth and draped over the head. These scarves provide protection from the harsh ray of sunlight, dust, and sands.
The black rope tied in ghutrah is called Agal (iqal, egal or igal). The bedouins originally used this to tie the camels’ feet when traveling mostly at night.
Ghafiyah is a Muslim prayer covered by ghutrah headscarf. They are embroidered and not visible to the naked eye.
Both men and women in the United Arabs of Emirates wear sandals. This open toes footwear is also made for hot weather to avoid sweaty feet.
National Dress Day of Arabic Clothing for Women:
Arab women traditional dress was designed to be both conventional and providing physical ease and relaxation.
The Abaya is a long, sophisticated classic cloak worn by women. This traditional flowy, clothing is black in color and it covers the whole body except the eyes, hands, and feet. The reason why it was color black is to protect and cover the inner clothing of the women. But in the midst of modern glam, Arab women of today customize their abaya with colorful embroideries around the collars and sleeves which adds a twist to their look.
The Hijab is a head scarf or veil used to cover the hair, neck, ears and some part of the head. Some Arab women also use Gafaaz to hide their faces and hands as well.
Shela is also used as headscarves to protect the head for the heat and dust.
The burqa or burqa is an outer piece of clothing used to cover the whole women’s body to avoid exposing the skin in public. It can be removed when they are inside the house accompany their families. Burquas generally are worn by the older generations.
Gishwa is a thin, see-through veil covering the whole Arab women faces whereby it is unrecognizable.
All Emirati aged from 5 years old and above wear these traditional items of clothing.
In today’s glitz and glamour, this Arab clothing tradition continues and remains. These garments will always be part of each Emirati heritage and provide respect, camaraderie, and values.