A standout amongst the most famous Andalusian thinkers of the Middle Ages, Ibn Rushd also called as Averroes had made huge influence to the fields of philosophy, astrophysics, health, law, brain research, geology, and physics. Since his youth, he had a slant towards procuring information on different points which established the framework for his skill on an immense scope of studies. He started ‘Averroism’, a school of reasoning and trusted that as opposed to well-known conclusion religion and theory are the two ideas that guide in the man’s journey of salvation. Although religion was implied for everybody, the reasoning was selective to the individuals who had a more noteworthy judgment. He extracted similar views with Greek logician Aristotle’s conviction. A few of his popular works were analyses on Politics & Republics of Aristotle. He was condemned for his perspectives on faith and a significant number of his pieces were prohibited and not allowed in Marrakesh, Morocco. In spite of these, he was very respected among his associates and the literary works of Dante & James Joyce has gone on about this exceptional polymath.
Conceived in Córdoba, Spain on 14th of April 1126, young Averroes got training from the best educators in topics extending from religious philosophy & Hadith to etymology and law. Considering medicine, he studied under the guidance of Abu Jafar ibn Harun al-Turjali.
Abu Al-Walid Muhammad is the grandfather of Averroes. His father is Abu Al-Qasim, both of whom were experts of law under the Berber administration of Almoravids.
He began his profession in the court of Abu Yaqub Yusuf. The ruler was a fan of science and logic and Ibn Zuhr who was a prestigious specialist was the court doctor. Averroes got to know Ibn Zuhr and guided him.
His ability in the area of health was realized when he distributed ‘Kitab al-Kulyat fi al-Tibb’.
Averroes first wrote an editorial on the works of the Greek philosopher, Aristotle at the court of Abu Yaqub. His musings on religion and theory were additionally shaped by scholar Ibn Bajjah.
Devoted to readings of different theoretical works that proceeded for the following 3 decades, he built up a school of thought that was named ‘Averroism’.
In 1160, he was designated as judge of Seville region where Averroes put on the duty in numerous different courts for the duration of his life.
His assemblage of portfolio included many articles on issues going from reasoning, religious philosophy, grammar, health, and law but is most well known his interpretations of Aristotle’s work specifically ‘The Republic’.
Aside from examining and interpreting Aristotle’s philosophical works, he wrote his own perspectives on logic in a broad collection entitled ‘The Incoherence of the Incoherence’. His other compositions on reasoning are ‘Fasl al-Maqal fi mama bayn al-Hikma wa al-Shariah min Ittisal’ and ‘Kitab al-Kashf a Manahij al-Adilla’.
The famous doctor created ‘Kulliyat’, which contained his broad understanding of gen. medicine.
Averroes was the first to suggest the idea of ‘inertia’ and he explained the power as “the rate at which work is done in changing the kinetic state of a material body”. He additionally clarified that the wonder behind rainbow arrangement is refraction and not a reflection as was famously accepted.
Studying law he composed a few books including ‘The Distinguished Jurist’s Primer’.
He wrote critiques for every one of Aristotle’s piece with the specific examination of per sentences. When he was not able to locate Aristotle’s work on legislative issues he swung to Plato. Averroes’ trusted numerous thoughts advocated by Plato like women equality.
His perspectives, that philosophy and religion are distinct ways to the same end, got negative feedback from the orthodox caliphate and a few of his works were scorched. From 1995-97, he was taboo to lecture his belief systems and enter Marrakesh.
Averroes most popular piece is the philosophy book titled ‘The Incoherence of the Incoherence’. This was his most imperative composition that resuscitated the Aristotelian rationality in the West, amid the twelfth and thirteenth century and a counter on Al-Ghazali’s work ‘The Incoherence of the Philosophers’ that condemned ‘Aristotelianism’.
Life and Legacy:
The prominent scholar confronted feedback for his perspectives on logic and religion from the individuals from ‘Asharite’ school of Islamic philosophy. Averroes’ creation was scorched and was prohibited by the caliphate to get into the city of Marrakesh, Morocco. But the year prior to his demise, the court order was lifted.
Averroes passed away on 10th of December 1198 in Marrakech and left the legacy of ‘Averroism’.
In 1997, a movie entitled ‘Fate’ directed by Youssef Chahine depicted the tale of Ibn Rushd in his film.